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Home > News > Fruits News > Honey Oranges -Nutritional value

Honey Oranges -Nutritional value

Author :   Source :   Hits : 3489   Addtime : 2010-08-21 13:07:11


(Fresh oranges)

6. POST HARVEST HANDLING AND STORAGE

6.1 Post Harvest Handling

Fruits are harvested manually by cutting the stalk using secateurs. The havested fruits are selected and graded to remove diseased and spoilt fruits. They are then packed into plastic containers or bamboo baskets.

6.2 Storage

Honey orange fruit should be distributed immediately after harvesting because storage life of honey orange is about 4 - 5 days in ambient temperature (25 - 35C). Storage at 10C with relative humidity 85 - 90%, fruits can be stored for 3 - 4 weeks.


7. ECONOMICS
  • At full maturity, yield obtained is between 18 to 22 t/ha/yr.
  • Total production costs per hectare for 8 years amount to RM 45, 144.00.
  • Gross revenue per hactare (at RM 1.50/kg fruit) was RM 123, 938.00.
  • Cumulative net income per hectare for 8 years was RM 78, 794.00.

 

Table 2 : Estimated cost and returns on per hectare basis (400 trees/ha)

Particulars
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
Year 8
INCOME (RM/yr)                
Marketable fruits (price @ RM1.50/kg)
0
0
0
10,545
23,871
31,101
29,985
28,436
COST OF INPUTS (RM/yr)                
Rock phosphate
19
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Dolomite
11
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
Organic manure
500
500,750
750
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
15:15:15
220
440
0
0
0
0
0
0
12:12:17:2 + TE
0
0
800
1,600
1,600
1,600
1,600
1,600
Wedicides
310
310
31
310
31
310
310
310
Fungicide
300
300
300
375
375
375
500
750
Insecticide
50
100
100
120
200
200
300
500
Sub-total (RM)
1,410
1,672
2,282
3,177
3,507
3,507
3,732
4,182
LABOUR INPUTS (RM/yr)                
Clearing of vegetation
1,245
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Field drainage
1,140
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Farm road
240
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Land preparation
450
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Digging planting holes
1,320
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Field planting/ shading
150
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fertiliser application
135
135
150
150
180
180
180
180
Spraying pesticides
180
360
750
945
945
945
945
945
Spraying weedicides
330
330
330
330
330
330
330
330
Pruning
30
60
60
150
150
150
150
150
Infra. maintenance
0
240
240
240
240
240
240
240
Harvesting
0
0
0
405
600
1,200
1,200
1,200
Total labour costs
5,220
1,125
1,530
2,220
2,445
3,045
3,045
3,045
@ RM 15/wmd ESTIMATED PROFIT                
Net income (RM) with own labour
-1,410
-1,672
-2,282
7,368
20,364
27,594
26,253
24,254
Net income (RM) with employed labour
-6,630
-2,797
-3,812
5,148
17,919
24,549
23,208
21,209
Cumulative profit (RM) with employed labour
-6,630
-9,427
-13,239
-8,091
9,828
34,377
57,585
78,794

Table 3 : Material, labour and yield data per ha honey orange farm (400 trees/ha)

Particulars
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
Year 8
Yield (kg/ha/yr)
 
 
 
7,030
15,914
20,734
19,990
18,957
Agro-inputs (kg/ha)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rock phosphate
80
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dolomite
40
80
80
80
80
80
80
80
Organic manure
2,000
2,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
4,000
4,000
4,000
15:15:15
200
600
 
 
 
 
 
 
12:12:17:2 + TE
 
 
1,000
1,600
2,000
2,400
2,400
2,400
Weedicides (L/ha)
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
Fungicide (kg/ha)
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
6
Insecticide (L/ha)
3
4
5
10
12
16
16
16
Labour inputs (man/days/yr)                
Clearing of vegetation
83
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Field drainage
76
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Farm road
16
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Land preparation
30
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Digging planting holes
88
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Field planting/shading
10
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fertiliser application
9
9
10
10
12
12
12
12
Spraying pesticides
12
24
50
63
63
63
63
63
Spraying weedicides
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
Pruning
2
4
4
10
10
10
10
10
Infra. maintenance
 
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
Harvesting
 
 
 
27
40
80
80
80
Total labour Inputs
348
75
102
148
163
203
203
203
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